WAEC Syllabus for Auto Body Repairs and Spray Painting

Welcome to official WAEC Syllabus for Auto Body Repairs and Spray Painting.This syllabus is drawn purposely for examination, hence the topics are not necessarily arranged in the order in which they should be taught.


There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.


Paper 1:           will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions all of which are to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.

Paper 2:           will consist of five essay questions. Candidates will be required to answer any four in 1½ hours for 60 marks.


Paper 3:           will be a practical test of 3 hours, 10 minutes duration. It will consist of one compulsory question for 100 marks.


A list of materials for the test shall be made available to schools not less

than two weeks before the paper is taken for material procurement and

relevant preparations.




Alternatively, in the event that materials for the actual practical test cannot be acquired, the Council may consider testing theoretically, candidates’ level of acquisition of the practical skills prescribed in the syllabus. For this alternative test, there will be one question to be answered in 3 hours for 100 marks.



Safety rules and regulations in Auto body repairs and







spray painting.

1.1        Definition of safety rules and regulations in auto body repairs and spray painting.


1.2.     List of rules and regulations and            their importance.


1.3     List of safety tools and             equipment/machines for auto             body repairs.




1.4       Auto body dressing code:             personal protective equipment             (nose mask, goggles, boots,             ear defender, etc).







1.5     Sources of accident (human            factors, machinery/equipment            and workshop keeping)              and their preventions.











1.6     Factory acts on safety rules and           regulations: 1984 amended           resource conservation recovery           act, environmental protection           agency regulations and           hazardous waste collection and           recycling (solvent recovery           system).








1:3:1   Identification of            safety tools and                 equipment and             demonstration of              their usage.


1:4:1   Identification of                       dress code and                       protective                       equipment and                       demonstration of

their usage.


1:5:1 Identification of           containers for           hazardous waste.

1:5:2  Demonstration of            horse play.

1:5:3   Report faulty                machines/


1:5:4   Demonstration of               workshop keeping             e.g. cleaning oil             and water from             the floor with saw             dust and dry sand


2 Tools and Equipment

(a)   Basic Hand Tools
















(b)   Spray painting tools          and equipment.





(c)   Care and maintenance         of tools and         equipment.


2.1   Types of hand tools. (hammers,          dollies, spanner, files,          ratchets, body spoons, etc) and          their uses.


2.2   Types and uses of power tools

and  equipment/machines (drilling

machine, body jack, sanders,           air compressor, shaping           machines, cutting machine, etc).


2.3   Advantages and disadvantages          of machines.


2.4   Uses of machines and safety         precautions.


2.5   Spray painting tools and          equipment (scrapers, brushes,          funnels, paint pots, spray gun,          spraybody filters, air compressor,          oven, spray boot, etc).


2.6     Definition of maintenance and            types – predictive, preventive            and corrective.


2.7     Manufacturer’s maintenance           guide.


2.8     Maintenance of tools and                  equipment.


2:1:1   Identification of             hand tools and             equipment



2:2:1   Identification and            demonstration of                the use of             power tools.






2:4:1   Demonstration of            the use of            machine.


2:5:1   identification of            spray painting            tools,            equipment and            their uses.







2:8:1   Dismantling and            assembly of a            spray gun

2:8:2   Cleaning of  tools

and equipment

3. Materials for auto-body repairs and spray painting

(a)   Auto-body Repairs         materials.
















(b)     Spray painting


3.1   Types of body filler

–   plastic filler;

– fibreglass fillers;

– body solder; 30/70 and 40/60.



3.2   Type of body abrasives e.g. sand           papers, (wet and dry);

Sanding disc.



3.3     Type of sealers e.g. rubber

sealers, seam sealers,           undercoating, etc.


3.4.     Rivet pins e.g. pop and            solid rivets.




3.5     Types of paints – Enamel paints             and lacquers.


–     Under coats: surface  primer,           putty/body filler, sealers.

–     Top coats: lacquers and enamel        paints.


3.6   Manufactures paint guide: paint          formula, paint mixing equipment,          custom-mix basecolours, paint           labels, colour charts.

3:1:1   Identification of            body fillers.





3:2:1   Identification of               body abrasives.






3:4:1   Demonstration            of the use of rivet            gun.


3:5:1   Identification of

paints by use of                 thinner.


3:5:2   Demonstration of            the use of under             coats.

3:5:3   Demonstration of             those of top coats.


3:6:1 Demonstration of           how to mix paints


3:6:2   Identification of                       colours using colour            chats

4. Type of metals. 4.1   Ferrous and non ferrous metals –          mild teel, cast iron, aluminium,               brass, etc.


4.2   Properties of metals – fusibility,

maleability, ductility, weldability,          etc.


4.3   Uses of metals on Auto bodies.

4:1:1   Identification of           ferrous and non-          ferrous metals.


4:1:2   Demonstration of             properties of            metals.


5 Heat treatment of metals. 5.1   Definition of heat treatment.


5.2   Types and process of heat           treatment e.g. hardening,           annealing, normalizing, case-          hardening and tempering.

5.3   Importance of heat treatment.



5:2:1   Demonstration of            heat treatment            processes.

6. Oxy-acetylene welding and equipment. 6.1   Definition of oxy-acetylene          welding.


6.2   Safety precautions


6.3   Oxy-acetylene welding          equipment.


6.4   Types of oxy-acetylene gas used          e.g.(high and low pressure          system).



6.5   Installations of welding          equipment.



6.6   Welding nozzles.



6.7   Defects of oxy-acetylene welding           – slag  inclusion, porosity, crack,           lack of penetration, etc and           their remedies.






6:3:1   Identification of                        equipment.


6:4:1 Demonstration of           how to use high          and low pressure           system.


6:5:1 Demonstration of            how to assemble            welding equipment.


6:6:1 Demonstration of           how to install           welding equipment.

6:7:1   Identification of             weld defects.

7 Auto body repair work

(a)   Minor auto body repair.

















(b)   Major auto body repair.

7.1   Types of auto body

(i)   integral body;

(ii) composite body .


7.2   Basic methods of straightening          auto body: aligning the metal          with power jack,  pulling the metal          with sledge hammer, using pre-         bar, pulling the metal with pull

taps. Heat-shrinking the metal to          bring  the metal back to its          original shape.


7.3     Tools used in-minor repairs-           hammers, hand dollies, spoons,           spanners, screw drivers, etc.



7.4     Major body sections e.g. front           engine compartment,           passenger section, rear section


7.5   Basic alignment principle.


7.6   Quarter panel cutting.





7.7     Light weight panels.


7.8     Damaged vehicle alignment.

7:1:1   Identification of                 integral and             composite bodies.


7:2:1   Identification of            auto- body repair            tools.

7:2:2   Identification of             heat shrinking             tools.




7:3:1   Demonstration of              how to use the              tools in carrying              out minor repairs.

7:4:1   Identification of             major body             sections.




7:6:1     Identification of             quarter panel and             demonstration of             how to cut it.


7:7:1   Repair and            aligning of body            sections.

8. Aluminum panel repair. 8.1   Steps involved in aluminum                     panel repair.

8.2   Repair and alignment of          damaged aluminum panel.

8.3   Aluminum deck lid repair.

8:2:1   Demonstration of            how to repair and            align aluminum             panel.

8:3:1   Aluminum deck lid            repair procedure


9. Plastic repairs. 9.1   Precautions while working with            plastics.


9.2   Types of plastic resins            (thermosetting and             thermoplastic).


9.3   Repair of plastic parts by            melting.


9.4   Introduction to glass fibre panel            repair.




9:2:1   Identification of            plastics.



9:3:1   Demonstration of              how to repair              plastics parts by             melting.


10. Spray painting:

(a)   Spray gun and          accessories.











(b)   Surface preparation.




(c)     Type of paints.






(d)   Metallic paint.






10.1   Spray gun – pressure feed gun            siphon and gravity gun.


10.2     Spray gun parts – air cap, fluid             needle, air valve, trigger gun,             body, cup, etc.


10.3     Precautions in the use of spray             gun.


10.4   Manufacturer’s maintenance            guide.


10.5   Preparation of surfaces for            spray painting.





10.6   Paints used on auto bodies            cellulose synthetic paint, enamel            paint, acrylic, metallic paints,            etc.

10.7   Importance of manufacturer’s            paint code.

10.8   Special paints and their            importance.


10.9   Variable agents (flakes and             pigments).


10.10   Metallic spray techniques (wet             and dry spray).


10:1:1   Identification of               pressure feed               gun, siphon gun               and gravity gun.









10:5:1   Preparation of              metal surfaces for              spray painting.


10:6:1   Identification of               paints used on               auto bodies.









10:10:1   Demonstration

of metallic                 spray                 techniques.

11. Auto body workshop business. 11.1   Factors to consider in locating            auto body repair shop – capital,           accessibility, land, etc.


11.2   List of tools and equipment.






  1. The repair of vehicle bodies by Alan Robinson (3rd Edition).


  1. Fundamentals of vehicle body work by J. Fairbrother.


  1. Practical welding (The motivate series Mac-Milan texts for Industrial Vocational and Technical Education) by S. Gibson.


  1. Fundamentals of motor vehicle technology, chassis and body electronics (5th Edition) Book 1, 2, and 3 by Hilliers V. A. W. and David R. Rogers.


  1. Bodywork Maintenance and repair including interiors by Paul Browne.


  1. Automotive encyclopedia by Good heart-Willcox.


  1. Auto body repair and repainting by Bill Tobold.












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