# Post UTME Syllabus in Physics

Filed in Post UTME on March 20, 2016

This is complete Post UTME Syllabus in Physics for candidates who are writing post utme exam this year in various universities. So, if you are preparing for post utme exam, it’s important that you follow this syllabus while you are reading. Try as much as possible to cover it with text books and post utme past questions.

1. Mechanics
2. (a) Fundamental and derived quantities and

units

1. Position, distance and displacement

Distinction between distance and displacement

1. Mass and Weight

Distinction between mass and weight

1. Time and measurement of time
2. Fluids at rest

(a) Volume, density and relative density

(b) Pressure in fluids

Concept and definition of pressure. Parcal’s principle. application to hydraulic press and car brakes. Dependence of pressure on depth. Atmospheric pressure. Simple barometer.

(c) Equilibrium of bodies

(i) Principle of Archimedes

(ii) Law of Floatation

1. Motion

(a) Types of motion: rectilinear. translational, rotational, circular.

(b) Relative motion.

(c) Frictional forces between two bodies (static and dynamic)

(d) Limitation of friction

(e) Viscosity

(f)   Circular motion

1. Speed and Velocity

(a) Displacement

(b) Uniform and non-uniform speed and velocity

(c) Displacement time graph

1. Rectilinear acceleration

(a) Uniform and non-uniform acceleration

(b) Velocity time graph

(c) Constant acceleration, gravitational acceleration

1. Scalar and Vectors quantities

(a) Concept of scalar quantities

(c) Resolution of vectors

1. Equilibrium of forces

(a) Principles of moments

(b) Parallelogram law of forces, Triangle of forces

(c) Centre of gravity

1. Simple harmonic motion

(a) Definition of simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) Simple pendulum, spiral spring

(b) Speed and acceleration of S.H.M

(c) Period, frequency and amplitude of S.H.M

(d) Energy of S.H.M

(e) Forced vibration and resource

1. Newton’s law of motion

(a) First law of motion

Inertia of rest and motion

(b) Second law of motion

Force, Acceleration, Momentum and Impulse

(c)  Third law of motion

Action and reaction Linear momentum and its conservations. Collision of elastic bodies in a straight line. Recoil of a gun, jet and rocket propulsions.

1. Energy

(a) Forms of energy (potential and kinetic, heat, chemical, electrical, light sound and nuclear).

(b) Conservation of energy.

1. Work, Energy and Power

(a) Work as a measure of energy

(b) Energy as capacity to do work.

(c) Gravitation field

(d) Power as rate of doing work

(e) Machines: levers, pulleys, inclined plane

1. Heat Energy

(a) Temperature and its measurement

(b) Effect of heat:

(i) Temperature rise

(ii) Change of State

(iii) Expansion. Change in resistance, linear.

area and volume expansion.

(c) Heat transfer conduction, convection and

(d)  Gas laws: Boyle’s law, Charles’s Law

(e) Heat capacity, specific heat capacity, latent heat, melting and boiling point, specific latent, heat of fusion and vaporization. Evaporation and Boiling. Vapour pressure.

(f)   Humidity, relative humidity and dew point.

Weather and humidity.

1. Waves

1(a) Production of waves: propagation of waves

(b) Speed, frequency and wavelength

(c) Wave form

(d) Relationship between frequency

(e) Wavelength (n), period (T) and velocity (V)

1. Type of Waves

(a) Transverse, longitudinal and stationary waves

(b) Representation of waves

1. Reflection, refraction, diffraction, interference, superposition of waves
2. Sound Waves

(a) Electromagnetic Waves

(b)  Sources of sound

(c) Transmission. Speed in Solid, liquid and air,

(d) Echoes, reverberation, pitch, loudness

(e) Vibrations in strings

(f)   Resonance boxes, sonometer forced vibration. harmonics and overtones

(g) Vibration of air in pipes open and closed pipes

PHY 002 PRE-DEGREE PHYSICS II

1. Light
2. Light Waves

(a)     Sources of light

(b)     Rectilinear propagation of light.

(c)     Reflection of light at plane surfaces: Plane mirrors, Incline mirrors. Rotation of mirrors.

(d)     Curved surfaces: concave and convex mirrors. Laws of reflection, formation of images. Use of mirror formulae. magnification. Determination of focal length. .Applications e.g. driving mirrors.

(e)     Refraction of light: plane surfaces, rectangular and triangular glass prisms. Laws of reflection. formation of images, real and apparent dept, critical angle, total internal reflection. angle of deviation. Minimum, deviation.

(f)      Refraction of light at curved surfaces. Formation of images. Lens formulae and magnification. Converging and diverging lens.

(g)     Applications: Optical instruments. Simple camera, human eye, projector, simple and compound microscopes, telescopes.

Defects of human eyes and their corrections.

(h)     Dispersion of light.

Electricity

Electric Field

Electrostatics

(a)     Production of electric charges by friction, induction and contact

(b)     Types and distribution of charges. Simple electroscope for detection of charges

(c)     Electric field lines of forces

(d)     Electric force between point charges. Coulomb’s law, Electric field, intensity and electric potential

(e)     Capacitance: parallel plate capacitor Farad

(f)      Capacitors in series and parallel Energy stored in charged capacity.

Current Electricity

(a)     Production of electric current from primary and secondary cells.

(b)     Potential difference and electric current Ohm’s law. Resistance.

(c)     Electric circuit.

(d)     Electric energy and power. Heating effect of electric energy and its applications. Conversion of electric energy to mechanical energy; electric motors.

(e)     Shunt and multiplier. Conversion of a galvanometer mm ammeter on a voltmeter

Resistivity and conductivity

Measurement of electric current, potential difference. resistance, emf. and internal resistance, of a cell, Potentiometer, Metre Bridge Wheatstone bridge.

Magnetic Field

(a)     Properties of magnets. Temporary and permanent magnet. Magnetic flux, magnetic flux density. Magnetic field around a permanent magnet. a current- carrying conductor and a solenoid. Units: Weber(W), Tesla (T)

(b)     Force on current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field

(c)     Use of magnets, electric bells, telephone earpiece.

(d)     Magnetic force on moving charged particle

Electromagnetic Field

(a)        Concept of electromagnetic field

(b)        Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law, Lenz’ s law, motor-generator, inductance.

1. Simple A.C. Circuits
2. Atomic and Nuclear Physics
3. Structure of Atom

(a)     Models of atom; Thomson, Rutherford, Bohr and electron-cloud models

(b)     Energy quantization

(c)     Photoelectric effect: Dual nature of light. Work function and threshold frequency.

Photoelectric equation.

(d)     Thermonic emission: Applications

1. Structure of the Nucleus

(a)     Composition of the nucleus: Protons and neutrons. Nucleon

Number (A), proton number (z), neutron number (N). Nuclides, isotopes.